Saturday, 31 December 2016

Time and Tide: The list of Lists

Part 2: Introduction

This is second part of an article regarding "Time and Tide", Plantation Lane, which is an art installation by Simon Patterson. Please see part one for a general description of the lane and the elements of the art installation.

The riddle of the Lists

I have previously enjoyed walking along this lane on my commute to and from work and have tried to follow the gently arcing lists on occasions, which is not as easy as it sounds. This is because, as I have already mentioned in part one, that many of the list are incomplete, often truncated at the start or end, mid-list or even mid-word or interrupted by the buildings or other structures allong the lane. In fact none of rows of text manages to span the whole lane with out interruption.

Plantation Lane fractured lists
Plantation Lane fractured lists

It is for this reason that I have written this post, as by a natural curiosity I have endeavoured to find a complete list of the lists to better understand their meaning and relevance and to solve those missing entries and list titles.

List of the Lists

My main source of reference for this research has been the book "Plantation Lane: Time and Tide" by Paul Brislin which I first found gracing the tables of the reception in Plantation Place South when I started a new contract in that building. This book does include a list of all the texts as supplied to the stone masons, but is still not complete as these instructions include only the text that was planned to appear on the lane, so many are intentionally incomplete. This book also features an excellent scale drawing of the lane showing the planned positioning of the text elements in the lane. However, the physical execution of the texts in the lane differs slightly from both of these references, with some planned items missing or incomplete due to the various obstacles that were met when it came to laying the actual flooring in the lane.

Due to these limitations within the source material, I have taken it upon myself to present this complete list of the lists exactly as they appear on Plantation Lane, but also to attempt to complete the partial or missing entries and to suggest the missing list titles where necessary.

Texts starting / ending at the west end of Plantation Lane
Texts starting / ending at the west end of Plantation Lane

For presentation I have numbered the lists in the order they appear in the lane. Each list also states the row number on which it appears, relating to the rows of floor stones laid on the lane itself, numbered from the south to the north.

The floor texts appear only on every third row of stones, starting from the second row. The text of the even-numbered rows are orientated south-north and flow east-west from Mincing Lane towards Rood Land, with the odd-numbered rows having the opposite direction of flow and orientation.

Plantation Lane Detail
Plantation Lane Detail

Where I have personally added to the lists either to complete partial words or add missing entries or titles, my insertions are shown in red below. Also, the list titles occasionally appear mid-list on Plantation Lane but for clarity I have presented the titles separately from the list entries.


Row 2: Starting partly obscured on the steps by the entrance to Davy's Wine Bar, Mincing Lince, where it is immediatly abrupted but re-emerges from the side of the bar towards the entrances of Plantation Place South.

  • Patent Office
  • Staple Inn
  • Barnard's Inn
  • Public Record's Office
  • Smithfield Market
  • St Bartholomew's Hospital
  • Central Criminal Court
  • City of London School for Boys
  • College of Arms*
  • BT Centre
  • St Paul's Cathedral Choir School
  • Museum of London
  • Wood Street Police Station
  • Guildhall

Row 2: Continuing from the end of previous list.
The astrisk denotes the association of this list with the entry in the former list for the College of Arms

  • Black: Sable/Prudence
  • White: Argent/lnnocence
  • Blood-red: Sanguine/Fortitude
  • Blue: Azure/Fidelity
  • Green: Vert/Love
  • Yellow: Or/Faith
  • Purple: Purpure/Temperance
  • Tawney: Tenney/Joy

The last entry contains a misspelling of Tawny.

Row 5: Starting from south-western corner of the Plantation Lane, from the wall of St. Margaret Pattens church, this list is immediatly interupted by an access ramp for the church, before continuing in full after the ramp.

  • Tyburn
  • Via
  • Resurrection gate
  • Via
  • St Giles-in-the-Fields
  • Via
  • The White Hart Inn
  • Drury Lane
  • Via
  • The Maidenhead Inn
  • Via
  • The Owl Bowl Inn Canter's Alley
  • Via
  • The Black Bear Inn
  • Via
  • The Black Jack Inn
  • Via
  • The Black Lamb Inn
  • Via
  • The Vine and The Rose Inn
  • Via
  • The Maid in The Moon Inn

This list refers to a processional route taken by those prisoners condemned to be hanged leading from Newgate Prison to the gallows at Tyburn. Newgate Prison was located by the junction of Old Bailey and Newgate Street, and the Tyburn Gallows were located at what is now Marble Arch at the western end of Tyburn Road (now Oxford Street). Along the route the prisoners would be allowed a last drink in a number of pubs or inns mentioned in the list, which where located in the St Giles area of London, then a notorious district of slums known as "The Rookeries".

The Old Bailey web site features an informative article on this subject.

Row 5: Continued.

  • 1) Mercers
  • 2) Grocers
  • 3) Drapers
  • 4) Fishmongers
  • 5) Goldsmiths
  • 6) Merchant Taylors *
  • 7) Skinners *
  • 8) Haberdashers
  • 9) Salters
  • 10) Ironmongers
  • 11) Vintners
  • 12) Clothworkers
  • *Owing to an ancient dispute over precedence the Merchant Taylors and Skinners alternate

The last entry in this list is mostly missing in the floor texts, but refers to the dispute between the Skinners and Merchant Taylors' livery companies, over precedence in the list. The fixed procession order was laid down in 1516 for the 48 companies that existed at that time, but the Skinners and Merchant Taylors alternate as to which is Company No. 6 and 7. This probably gives rise to the expression "All at sixes and sevens" referring to when someone is in a state of confusion and disorder, or of a disagreement between parties.

Row 8: Flowing west-east from Mincing Lane.

  • St Dunstan-in-the-West
  • Temple Church
  • St Bride's
  • St Andrew Holborn
  • City Temple
  • St Bartholomew-the-Great
  • St Bartholomew-the-Less
  • St Sepulchre
  • St Martin Ludgate
  • St Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe
  • St Benet Paul's Wharf
  • St Nicholas Cole Abbey
  • St Paul's Cathedral
  • Christ Church Newgate Street
  • St Vedast Alias Foster
  • St Botolph Aldersgate
  • St Anne and St Agnes
  • Jewin Welsh Church
  • St Giles Cripplegate
  • St Alban Wood Street
  • St Mary-le-Bow
  • St Mary Aldermary
  • St James Garlickhithe
  • St Michael Paternoster Royal
  • St Lawrence Jewry
  • St Alphage London Wall
  • St Mary Somerset
  • St Mary Magdelene
Plantation Lane Detail
Plantation Lane Detail

Row 11: Flowing eastwards from Rood Lane

  • St Olave Jewry
  • St Michael Paternoster Royal
  • St Stephen Wallbrook
  • St Margaret Lothbury
  • St Mary Woolnoth
  • St Mary Abchurch
  • St Clement Eastcheap
  • St Edmund the King
  • St Michael Cornhill
  • St Peter upon Cornhill
  • Dutch Church
  • All Hallows London Wall or All Hallows-on-the-Wall
  • St Mary Moorfields
  • St Botolph Bishopsgate
  • St Ethelberga
  • St Helen Bishopsgate
  • St Andrew Undershaft
  • St Magnus the Martyr
  • St Dunstan-in-the-East
  • St Mary-at-Hill
  • St Margaret Pattens
  • All Hallows Barking
  • St Olave Hart Street
  • All Hallows Staining
  • St Katharine Cree
  • Bevis Marks Synagogue
  • St Botolph Aldgate
  • St Michael Crooked Lane

Row 14: Flowing east-west from Mincing Lane.

  • Gaius Julius Caesar (102-44 BC)
  • Cunobelin (c. 5-41 AD)
  • Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus (10 BC-54)
  • Caratacus (c. 40-52)
  • Boudicca (d. 61)
  • Gnaeus Julius Agricola (40-93)
  • Publius Aelius Hadrianus (76-138)
  • Lucius Septimius Severus (d. 211)
  • Magnus Clemens Maximus (d. 388)
  • Edwin (585-633)
  • Ethelbald (d. 757)
  • Alfred The Great (849-899)
  • Plegmund (d. 923)
  • Ethelred (d. 911)
  • Edward the Elder (c. 872-924)
  • St Dunstan (c. 910-988)
  • Ethelred II (c. 966-1016)
  • St. Aelfheah (d. 1012)
  • Emma of Normandy (d. 1052)
  • Eadric Streona (d. 1017)
  • Sweyn Forkbeard (d. 1014)
  • Canute/Cnut
  • Harthacnut (son of Emma and Cnut)
  • Wulfstan, Bishop of London
  • St Edward the Confessor (1005?-1066)
  • Harold II (d. 1066)
  • William the Bastard or the Conqueror (c. 1028-1087)
  • Maurice of London (d. 1107)
  • William II Rufus (c. 1060-1100)
  • Anselm, (1033-1109), Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Lanfranc of Pavia (c. 1010-1089), Archbishop of Canterbury (1070-1089)

The last four items are listed in the stone-masons instructions, but appear not to have made it onto the lane.

This list is then continued on row 95 which is the last and shortest row to contain visible text, situated at the very north-east corner of Plantation Lane, by the steps outside the El Camino bar, Mincing Lane.

  • Gundulf (?1024-1108)

Row 17: This is the first west-east list to start from the very end of the lane, and has the longest uninterrupted span of all the lists, no doubt giving more fuel for the fire to any conspiracy theorists reading this.

  • Entered Apprentice 1°
  • Fellow Craft 2°
  • Master Mason 3°
  • Secret Master 4°
  • Perfect Master 5°
  • Intimate Secretary 6°
  • Provost and Judge 7°
  • Superintendent of the Building 8°
  • Master Elect of the Nine 9°
  • Illustrious Master Elect of Fifteen 10°
  • Sublime Knight, Chevalier Elect 11°
  • Grand Architect 12°
  • Royal Arch of Enoch 13°
  • Scottish Knight of Perfection 14°
  • Knight of Sword & of the East 15°
  • Prince of Jerusalem 16°
  • Knight of the East & West 17°
  • Knight of the Eagle & Pelican and Sovereign Prince Croix of Heredom 18°
  • Grand Pontiff 19°
  • Venerable Grand Master 20°
  • Patriarch Noachite, Prussian Chevalier 21°
  • Prince of Libanus, Royal Hatchet 22°
  • Chief of the Tabernacle 23°
  • Prince of the Tabernacle 24°
  • Knight of Brazen Serpent 25°
  • Prince of Mercy 26°
  • Commander of the Temple 27°

Continued on Row 53, which emerges flowing west-east from the right-hand revolving door to Planatation Place North.

  • Knight of the Sun, Prince Adept 28°
  • Knight of Saint Andrew 29°
  • Grand Elected Knight Kadosh, Knight of the Black & White Eagle 30°
  • Grand Inspector Inquisitor Commander 31°
  • Sublime Prince of the Royal, Secret 32°
  • Sovereign Grand Inspector General 33°

Row 20: Starting from steps by the entrance to Davy's bar, Mincing Lane, the is the first uninterrupted westward list.

  • Venus/love/COPPER
  • Vulcan/fire
  • Apollo/light/GOLD
  • Neptune/sea
  • Mercury/travelers, thieves/OUICKSILVER
  • Diana/hunting, fertility/SILVER
  • Pluto/underworld
  • Aesculapius/healing
  • Bacchus/wine
  • Cupid/love/desire
  • Jupiter/ruler of Gods/TIN
  • Victoria/victory
  • Vulturus/east wind
  • Vesta/hearth, home
  • Fortuna/fortune
  • Faunus/herds
  • Portunus/harbours
  • Astraea/justice
  • Proserpina/spring
  • Veritas/truth
  • Auster/south wind
  • Juventas/youth
  • Mutinus/fecundity
  • Saturnus/harvest/LEAD
  • Luna/moon
  • Carmenta/prophesy
  • Aquilo/north Wind
  • Bellona/fwar
  • Discordia/strife, discord
  • Flora/spring
  • Mors/death
  • Comus/comedy
  • Minerva/wisdom
  • Terra/the earth
  • Selene/moon
  • Hecate/night, magic
  • Somnus/sleep

Row 23: Flowing eastward from Rood Lane.

  • St Martin de Porres/barbers
  • St Luke/artists
  • St Crispin/cobblers
  • St Dorothea/florists
  • St John Bosco/editors
  • St Apollonia/denists
  • St Lucia/opticians
  • St Claude/Sculptors
  • St Margaret/patten makers
  • St Homobonus/tailors
  • St Joseph/wine growers
  • St Sebastian/pin makers
  • St Venerius/lighthouse keepers
  • St Ambrose/bee keepers
  • St Benedict/spelaeologists
  • St Anthony/gravediggers
  • St Honoratus/bakers
  • St Zita/domestic servants
  • St Matthew/tax collectors
  • St Gabriel/broadcasters
  • St Giles/horses
  • St Brigid/dairymaids
  • St Fiacre/taxi-drivers
  • St Jerome/librarians
  • St Menas, St James/pilgrims
  • St Cecilia/singers
  • St Roche/nvalids
  • St Stephen/bricklayers
  • St Nicholas/children
  • St Barbara/miners
  • St George/syphilitics, armourers
  • St Hubbins/quality footware
  • St Gabriel/diplomats
Detail of texts: Friday Street
Detail of texts: Friday Street

Row 26: Flowing westward from Mincing Lane.
This is a list of London streets from the past and present deriving their names from the trading and commercial activities once associated to them.

  • Stonecutter Street
  • Fetter Lane
  • Milk Street
  • Honey Lane
  • Leather Lane
  • Wood Street
  • Cannon Street
  • Artillery Lane
  • Pudding Lane
  • Fournier Street
  • Butcher Row
  • Cow Lane
  • Pie Corner
  • Frying Pan Yard
  • Hind Court
  • Hart Lane
  • Oat Lane
  • Cooper's Row
  • Hoop Lane
  • Silver Street
  • Goldsmith Street
  • Silk Street
  • Bread Street
  • Cordwainer Street
  • Artizan Street
  • Apothecary Street
  • Hosier Lane
  • Mincing Lane
  • Vintry
  • Cole Yard
  • Carter Lane
  • Carrier Street
  • Poultry Lane
  • Cock Street
  • Duck Lane
  • Crane Court
  • Goose Lane
  • Fish Street
  • Friday Street
  • Cloak Lane
  • Threadneedle Street
  • Change Street
  • Money Bag Alley
  • Bullion Yard
  • Hand Court
  • Harebrain Court

Row 29: Flowing wast-ward from Mincing Lane.

  • Aldgate/Aelgate
  • Aldgate East (see Aldgate)
  • Anqel/Anqel Inn
  • Arsenal/Arsenal Football Club
  • Bank/Bank of England
  • Barbican/Barbicana (Saxon: burgh kennin)
  • Bermondsey/vermundesi c. 712
  • Bethnal Green/Blithedale
  • Blackfriars/Black Friars Monastery 13th century
  • Borough/Old English 'burh-a fortified place'
  • Cannon Street/Candelwichstrete c. 1180 (from
  • Candle and Old English 'wic. a market')
  • Chancery Lane/Newstrate (New Street)
  • Farringdon/Farringdon Street
  • Holborn/Holebourne 951
  • Liverpool/Lord Liverpool 1829
  • Moorgate/Moor Gate 1451
  • St Paul's/St Paul's Cathedral
  • Temple/The Knights Templars
  • Tower Hill/Tourhulle 1343
  • Limehouse/Le Lymhostes 1367

Row 32: Flowing westward from Mincing Lane, this list appears to be a mix of Colleges, Friaries, and Hospitals. The first entry is completely missing, and my best guess is that it is likely to be St Paul's as that is one of few religious house which predates the collage of St. Martin's le Grand of 1056 in the City of London.

  • a) Cathedral of St Paul 604
  • b) St Martin's Ie Grand c. 1056 (collegiate church of)
  • c) Holy Trinity Priory Aldgate (Augustinian) 1108
  • d) St Bartholomew's Hospital 1123
  • e) St Bartholomew's Priory (Augustinian) 1123
  • f) Hospital of St Mary 1197
  • g) St Helen's Priory (Benedictine) c. 1200-15
  • h) Greyfriars (Franciscan) 1225
  • j) Hospital of St Thomas of Acon 1278
  • k) Hospital of St Anthony 1243
  • l) Priory of St Mary Bethelehem (Bedlam Hospital) 1247
  • m) Austin Friars 1253
  • n) Blackfriars (Dominican) 1275
  • o) Holy Trinity Abbey, Minories (Order of St Clare) 1298
  • p) Crutched Friars (Order of the Holy Cross) 1298
  • q) Elsing Spital 1331

Row 35: Flowing eastward from Rood Lane.

  • 43 Roman Invasion
  • 60 Boudicca burns London
  • 120 A Great Fire
  • 125-30 Hadrianic Fire
  • 457 Saxons sack London
  • 851 London attacked by Vikings
  • 959 A Great Fire: St Paul's burned
  • 994 London besieged by Danes
  • 1016 Third Danish siege
  • 1066 Norman Conquest
  • 1290 Expulsion of the Jews
  • 1348 The Black Death
  • 1406 The Plague
  • 1665 The Great Plague
  • 1666 The Great Fire
  • 1940 The beginning of The Blitz
  • 1987 Black Monday

Row 38: Flowing westward from Mincing Lane.

  • Kew Bridge
  • Chiswick Bridge
  • Barnes Bridge
  • Hammersmith Bridge
  • Putney Bridge
  • Wandsworth Bridge
  • Battersea Badge
  • Albert Bridge
  • Chelsea Bridge
  • Vauxhall Bridge
  • Lambeth Bridge
  • Westminster Badge
  • Hungerford Foot Bridge
  • Waterloo Bridge
  • Blackfriars Bridge
  • Millennium Bridge
  • Southwark Bridge
  • London Bridge
  • Tower Bridge
  • Rotherhithe Tunnel
  • Greenwich Foot Tunnel
  • Blackwall Tunnel

Row 41: Flowing eastward from Rood Lane, and immediatly interrupted by the wall of Plantation Place North by Ideals deli. It later re-emerges just west of the revolving doors of Planatation Place North.

  • Wormwood Street
  • Camomile Street
  • Vine Street
  • Grape Street
  • Mulberry Gardens
  • Ivy Lane
  • Grass Church Street
  • Rosemary Lane
  • Saffron Hill
  • Primrose Street
Detail of texts: Dunghill
Detail of texts: Dunghill

Row 41 continued.
London streets associated with filth and unpleasant odours. Until the arrival of proper sewer systems in the 19th century the crowded streets of London would not have been pleasant on the nose.

  • Dirty Alley
  • Dirty Hill
  • Dirty Lane
  • Addle Street
  • Foul Lane
  • Deadman's Place
  • Gutter Lane
  • Dunghill
  • Midden Lane
  • Laystall Street
  • Shiteburn Lane
  • Stinking Alley

Unknown List

  • St Erconwald Street
  • Costermonger Row
  • Limeburner Lane

The last three entries in this list are a mystery to me as they seem not to belong with the previous entries, and seem to share no obvious connection to each other that I can find. There is an Erconwald Street in Shepherds Bush, London, W12, so no where close to the City. This street dates from around 1910 and was created as part of a social housing project.

Costermonger Row, I can not find any reference to a street in London with this name present or past. Costermongers were street sellers, purveying goods such and fruit and vegetables from handcarts, often annoucing their wares with loud chants or sing-song.

Limeburner Lane, which connects Ludgate Hill with Old Bailey is more likely to belong with the other members of this list, as it is mentioned in Stow's Survey of London (1598), as being connected with Seacoal Lane and he summises the name relates ot the burning in lime here which no doubt was an odorous process.

Row 44: Flowing west from Mincing Lane.

  • Pater noster Row
  • Ave Maria Lane
  • Creed Court
  • Amen Court
  • Pilgrim Street
  • Trinity Place
  • Pope's Head Alley
  • Jerusalem Passage
  • Idol Lane
  • Pardon Churchyard
  • Wilderness Row
  • Carmelite Street
  • Whitefriars Street
  • Blackfriars Broadway
  • Mitre Street
  • Crutched Friars
  • The Minories
  • Worship Street

Row 47: Flowing westward towards Mincing Lane, this list emerges from revolving doors of Plantation Place North.

  • Aldwych
  • Covent Garden
  • Plough Court
  • Long Acre
  • Moorfields
  • Partridge Alley
  • Swan Alley
  • Haymarket
  • Park Lane
  • Hog Lane
  • Spitalfields
  • Smithfields
  • Lincoln's Inn Fields

Row 47: Continuing westward.

  • Holywell Street
  • Sadler's Wells
  • Clerkenwell
  • Spa Fields
  • Monkwell Square

Row 50: Westward from Mincing Lane.

  • Londuniu
  • Lundenwic
  • Londinium
  • Longidinium
  • Lundunaborg
  • Cockaigne
  • Laindon
  • Llyn-don
  • Trinovantum
  • Caer Ludd
  • Lundunes
  • Lundene
  • Lundone
  • Lindonion
  • Ludenberk
  • The Big Smoke
  • The Great Wen

Row 50: Continuing westward.

  • The Strand
  • Queenhithe
  • Rotherhithe
  • Lea

Row 56: Flowing westward from Mincing Lane. A summary of popular pub names.

  • Seventy King's Heads
  • Ninety King's Arms
  • Fifty Oueen's Heads
  • Seventy Crowns
  • Fifty Roses
  • Twenty-five Royal Oaks
  • Thirty Bricklayers Arms
  • Fifteen Waterman's Arms
  • Sixteen Black Bulls
  • Twenty Cocks
  • Thirty Foxes
  • Thirty Swans
Texts starting / ending at the east end of Plantation Lane
Texts starting / ending at the east end of Plantation Lane

Row 59: Flowing eastward from just east of revolving doors of Plantation Place North.

  • Bartholomew's Fair
  • Mayfair
  • Cloth Fair
  • Southwark Fair
  • Clare Market
  • Stocks Market Cheapside
  • Coldbath Fields
  • Rag Fair
  • Smithfields Market
  • Penny Fields
  • Billingsgate
  • Borough Market
  • Fleet Market
  • Petticoat Lane
  • Field Lane
  • Leadenhall

Row 62: Flowing westward from Mincing Lane.

  • Stamford Brook
  • The Wandle
  • Counter's Creek
  • The Falcoln
  • The Westbourne
  • The Tyburn
  • The Effra
  • Fleet
  • Walbrook
  • Neckinger
  • The Earl's Sluice
  • The Peck
  • The Ravensbourne

Row 65: Flowing east towards Mincing Lane.
Here the term sporting is used very liberally, as many of the entries for this list appear to be of a more an adult nature, referring to the more seedy goings on of old London town.

  • Knightrider Street
  • Bear Street
  • Love Lane
  • Maid Lane
  • Addle Street
  • Cock Lane
  • Gropecontelane
  • Giltspur Street
  • Sweetings Alley
  • Shaft Alley
  • Bowling Green Lane

As a footnote this is the second appearence for Addle Street (meaning stinking urine) which also features in the list for Noisome Streets (17).

Row 68: Flowing west from Mincing Lane.

  • Highgate Hill
  • Ludgate Hill
  • Tothill
  • Parliament Hill
  • Tower Hill (White Mound)
  • Penton Hill/PentonvilIe
  • St Hermit's Hill
  • Cornhill
  • Snowhill
  • Dowgate Hill
  • Peter's Hill

Row 71: Flowing east towards Mincing Lane.

  • The Black Death 1348
  • Plague 1406
  • The Sweating Sickness 1484
  • The Great Plague 1665
  • The Great Stink 1858
  • Typhus 1905
  • The Great Smog 1952
Detail of texts: Ludgate
Detail of texts: Ludgate

Row 74: Flowing west from Mincing Lane.

  • Watergate
  • Newgate
  • Aldersgate
  • Ludgate
  • Moorgate
  • Cripplegate
  • Bishopsgate
  • Aldgate
  • Albiongate
  • Billingsgate
  • St John's Gate
  • Broadgate

Row 77: Flowing east towards Mincing Lane.

  • Blessing
  • Glory
  • Wisdom
  • Thanksgriving
  • Honour
  • Power
  • Might
  • Be Unto Our God For Ever And Ever Amen. Hallelujah

This list presents the names of the belld of the church of St. Stephens, in Victoria. The eight bells were cast in 1850 by Charles and George Mears at the world-famous Whitechapel Bell Foundry.

Each bell was given a name taken from a prayer in the Book of Revelation: Blessing, Glory, Wisdom, Thanksgiving, Honour, Power, Might and Hallelujah. They were first rung shortly before the consecration of the church in Dec 1850.

Row 80: Flowing west towards Mincing Lane.

  • Bethlehem/Bedlam
  • Marshalsea
  • Clink
  • Newgate
  • St Mary's Barking

Row 83: Flowing east towards Mincing Lane.

  • Moll Cut-Purse
  • Jack Sheppard

Row 86: Flowing west from Mincing Lane.

  • Mithras
  • Odin
  • Gog
  • Magog
  • Isis
  • Hermes

Row 89: Flowing east towards Mincing Lane.

  • Puddledock
  • Bell Wharf Lane
  • Cardinal's Wharf

Row 92: The penulatimate list flows west from Mincing Lane.
Starting and ending with two half-words, ditch and Hound, I have concenated those two halves as Houndsditch which along with Cattestreet, the medieval name for what is now Gresham Street, makes for a very short list of just two entries for which I have made the assumption for the topic as Cats and Dogs.

  • Cattestreet
  • Houndsditch

Gallery

Please also visit my Flickr gallery for this post which features the images used in this, post plus additional images of Plantation Lane.

Biblography

The following publications were used in researching this blog post.



Plantation Lane: Time and Tide
Paul Brislin
London 1: The City of London
Simon Bradley and Nikolaus Pevsner

Top of post

Wednesday, 14 December 2016

Time And Tide: Plantation Lane

Part 1: Introduction

To the many hurried commuters who pass by, whilst transfixed to their smartphones, Plantation Lane simply provides a convenient pedestrian passageway connecting Rood Lane, next to St Margaret Pattens church, to Seething Lane, opposite the main steps of Minster Court. It is however much more than just an alleyway and hangout for office smokers.

Plantation Lane, City of London, EC3
Plantation Lane, City of London, EC3

Plantation Lane

Due to its predominantly medieval street plan, the City of London has a network of ancient passageways and minor roads that interconnect with the main thoroughfares, and provide those that know them the ability to navigate the City away from the chaos of the busy streets. Plantation Lane has that same feel and purpose especially as it passes the north-side of St Margaret Pattens church, one of Wren's post-fire churches of 1688, but was actually created as a new lane in 2004, as part of the huge Plantation Place development designed by Arup Associates and built by The British Land Company PLC.

Plantation Lane looking west towards St Margaret Patten church (1688)
Plantation Lane looking west towards St Margaret Patten church (1688)

Plantation Lane is approximately 108m in length, and aligned East-West, perpendicular to the two roads it connects. It separates the massive 15 storey Plantation Place North building from its smaller sibling, the 10 storey Plantation Place South, along with St Margaret Pattens church as previously mentioned, and in between those two the currently stagnant offices of 51 Eastcheap. Both the development as a whole and lane take their name from the former occupant of this site: Plantation House, built in 1935, which served as a commodities market for tea and rubber plantations.

Map showing Plantation Lane
Map showing Plantation Lane

But what makes Plantation Lane more than just another passageway is that its entirety hosts a permanent art installation called "Time and Tide".

Time and Tide

Time and Tide was designed in a collaboration by the British artist Simon Patterson, a 1996 Turner Prize nominee renowned for his textual art, along with the architects and developers, to be an integral part of Plantation Place.

Time and Tide plaque
Time and Tide plaque

The theme of Time and Tide is a reference to the long and varied history of the City and of the moon's constant influence on the tides of the Thames which ebb and flow endlessly over time. To express this, the artist has created two distinct elements:

Time

The Time element is represented by a series of textual lists embedding into the pavement which follow a gentle arc along the passageway, charting events, people, places and institutions related to the City's past and present. The lists are playful to follow as they alternate in orientation for each row, and some are incomplete as they are abruptly truncated when they meet the walls of adjacent buildings or the end of the lane itself.

Detail of stone lettering
Detail of stone lettering

The execution of the texts is impressive in itself, with the "positive" lettering hewn from slabs of cream coloured Jura limestone using a precision computer controller water-jet cutting process. Jura limestone is used throughout Plantation Place, for some sections of exterior cladding, and in polished form, as the interior steps and flooring of the reception hall. As a contrast, the lettering is embedding into "negative" recesses cut in the same manner into narrow slabs of a dark grey-blue stone called Pietra del Cardoso, a hard-waring meta-sandstone imported from the Apuan Alps in Italy. The font-face used throughout is Univers 55 Oblique, well known for its clarity and simplicity.

Tide

The Tide element is represented by a 41m long by 6m tall illuminated panel depicting a photograph of the surface of the moon. The colour of the illumination varies slowly over time and is a dramatic spectacle especially at dusk when the lit panel casts its coloured light over the passageway and surrounding walls of Plantation Place, and if raining also reflecting off the wet floor.

Plantation Lane at dusk
Plantation Lane at dusk

The moonscape is a reproduction of a photograph known as "Farside Terra" of the highlands on the dark side of the moon, originally taken from a distance of 1,600km by the Apollo 16 astronaut Kenneth Mattingly in April 1972, and had featured in a book called Full Moon by Michael Light from where it is credited as being reproduced from.

Far Side Terra
Detail of Farside Terra

The image is printed across a set of 68 large translucent glass panels, each of approximately 1.5m by 2.4m in size, with 4 smaller panels completing each end of the structure. The glass panels are attached to a frame of aluminium, supported by steel uprights. The lighting comes from an array of colour changing LEDs set inside the top and bottom of the framework.

Part 2: The List of the Lists...

This article is continued in part two, which gives a detailed account each of the lists which are embedded into the pavement of Plantation Lane.


Gallery

Please also visit my Flickr gallery for this post which features the images used in this, post plus additional images of Plantation Lane.

Biblography

The following publications were used in researching this blog post.

Book cover of Plantation Lane by Paul Brislin
Book cover of Pevsner's City of London
Plantation Lane: Time and Tide
Paul Brislin
London 1: The City of London
Simon Bradley and Nikolaus Pevsner

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